The Ethiopian ancient city of Axum, the country’s oldest urban settlement considered as the cradle of Ethiopian culture and Christianity. The Axumite kingdom emerged as the most powerful Red Sea state between the eastern Roman Empire and Persia, a great commercial power trade. Axum was the center of one of the world’s most powerful kingdoms from 200BC to 700AD converting to Christianity in the 4th century. And the capital of the historic Axumite state is the site of a number of remarkable monolithic stone steles, or obelisks each carved from a single piece of granite rock with identical decorations. Ethiopia’s most ancient city of Axum grew importance in classical antiquities. The ruins of the ancient city is still clearly visible comprising some 200 enormous monolithic obelisks some of which raised in to the sky, representing huge tomb stones. The biggest of them is 33 meters high and weighs over 500 tones. It was the world’s largest monolith ever erected by man but fell at some time in the past. Some are also believed to have been used in ancient forms of pagan sun worship. The stele ranges from simple slabs to intricately carved and decorated obelisks. Important stone inscriptions, the remains of spectacular ruined palaces, and graves, rock engravings, inscribed tablets and special gold- silver and bronze currencies pays collective testament to the endeavor and complexity of what is perhaps the most mysterious of all the ancient civilizations of the world. The town is also the legendary birth place of the queen of Sheba, and the St. Mary of Zion church is believed to be house for the original Biblical Ark of the Covenant. These days Axum is considered the holiest city of Ethiopia and is destination of many pilgrims.
|Languages spoken||Tigrigna, Geez|
|Currency used||Ethiopian Birr|
|Area (km2)||Addis Ababa|