Afar is the place where LUCY was discovered 1974 by an American archeologist. AFAR is a volcanic birth day, the Danakil Depression is the product of a tectonic triple junction, at the meeting place where the spreading ridges that the red sea and the Gulf of Aden emerge on land and meet the east African rift. These three pieces of the earth crust meet at Lake Abbe, a mid-ocean ridge on land.
Salt and volcano in the lowlands of the depression are dominated by heat and drought .it is one of the hottest places on earth in a summer month with endless salt and sulphur, a place where the earth’s crust is slowly moving apart.
Dallol located at 120 below sea level) is one of the lowest place in African continent and the place where you can see the small tables ,mushroom like gypsum, having different color yellow, white, bubbling springs of sulphur salt ,yellow green ,hot, clammy ,needle stalactites, ghostly. Now a day afar are nomadic pastoralists living in light, simple hut which is easy to transport from one location to another on a camel back depending the seasons of the year. A techno colored landscape, incredible mineral deposits, sulfur lakes and bubbling sulfur springs, are fascinating sight for all visitors
In the middle of the desert, at 616masl you will see other site fantastic a mountain that smokes ( erta Ale) active volcano shows you an exciting spectacle ,
One must walk for about 2 and half hours to reach at the edge of the crater.
Ertaele is one of the most active volcanic centers in the world, the active shield volcano has a diameter of 30km and is only 500m high,there are two pit craters at the top of the Erta Ale caldera ,the larger one with diameter of 350m in the northern part which is in active
The central one has still very active Lava Lake with 60m wide and 100m long, its depth varies between 60 to 90 m with 140m in diameter.